Types of eating disorders are mainly characterized into 5 kinds and are major types of eating disorders:
- Binge eating
- Compulsive overeating
Of these bulimia and anorexia nervosa are more familiar and binge eating is not yet approved as a formal psychiatric diagnosis although it is included.
Types of eating disorders involve severe imbalances in eating behaviors, such as severe and unhealthy decrease of food intake or extreme overeating, in addition to these the feelings of depression, distress, or extreme concern over body shape and weight.
An eating disorder can in general be expressed as a condition where a person’s nutrition is not managed correctly, which can direct to severe harm to the body. The types of eating disorders develop in adolescence or in early stages of adulthood. However in rare cases, it develops in childhood or at later stages of adulthood.
Females are more likely than males to develop an eating disorder. Only about 5% to 15% are male anorexics or bulimics and 35% are binge eaters.
The elements causing these disorders, the way they have an effect on the body and the sufferer manages these features can vary depending up on the types of eating disorders and in this article we’ll look at the types of eating disorders and observe what distinguishes them, the way they are diagnosed, treated and their effects.
Types of Eating Disorders – Bulimia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa – Overview
Bulimia nervosa, is also known as bulimia, is an eating disorder, which is characterised as a psychological condition where an individual involves in continuous binge eating followed by an intentional purging. In other words, bulimia is considered as the next step after binge eating, which can be sequentially caused by compulsive overeating.
This sequential causes bulimia a type of ending division in the types of eating disorders hierarchy and is a serious problem and life-threatening eating disorder affecting mainly young women. Essentially, bulimia consists of constant act of overeating, followed by intentional and voluntary purging methods such as vomiting, laxative abuses, enemas and many more.
It is estimated that 1.1% to 4.2% of females are suffering from bulimia in their lifetime.
Causes of Bulimia Nervosa
95% of the cases in bulimia are caused because of psychological, emotional, and social nature. The condition was created eventually in recent years, where people are more interested with a specific body image and the ways to shape the body for aptness and perfection, which places a pattern in our minds to achieve in order to be good-looking and attractive.
As a result, this inability to achieve this goal causes depression and severe actions such as the intentional purging and purging methods.
Effects of Bulimia Nervosa
The effects of bulimia are harmful for both mind and body. The feelings of guilty and depression often leads the bulimics for having a remedy to intentional purging, which only intensify the unbalanced emotional platform they are placed on.
As result it directs to a vicious circle, where the sufferer recognizes that it is incorrect, however he will be unable to stop doing it because of stronger motives and so forth.
At body level, the effects of bulimia are extremely damaging to the digestive and cardiovascular systems. Hyperacidity in the stomach and esophagus will take place when intentional purging is done
This intentional purging effects the derangements of the digestive system and also damage to its organs. It also leads to severe problems in a short period of time and to the death.
By staying away from the food, sufferers of bulimia will not get the essential quantities of vitamins and minerals that are needed for the body, thus the body is weakened, which can lead to ulcers, muscle atrophy, blood flow problems, immune system weaknesses, hormonal imbalances and so forth.
Bulimia Nervosa Treatment
Types of eating disorders can be treated and a healthy weight can be regained. The sooner you start the treatment, the easier it will be to cure the disorder. Since bulimia is an emotionally driven eating disorder among the major types of eating disorders, it requires a treatment plan that includes medical care, psychosocial interventions, and nutritional counselor.
Actually, treating bulimia is not that tough, mainly if it is done in specialized centers. The main aim of treatment for bulimia is to eradicate binge eating and purging behaviors.
Treating the bulimia is usually done in two ways, treating the depression through counseling is one way and by the use of Prozac; an anti-depressant medication is the other way. However, the tough part is getting an individual to undertake such a treatment willingly and letting him to make a diagnosis with bulimia in the initial place.
Creating a pattern of standard, non-binge meals, development of attitudes associated with the types of eating disorders, support of healthy exercises but not extreme exercises is among the precise aim of this plan.